If you don’t have time to review more detailed information, check out these quick reminders of winter-safe behavior:
Dress to suit the weather - Thin layers of loose-fitting clothes will trap body heat and aid air circulation. Outer clothing should be hooded, tightly woven, and water-repellent. Mittens are warmer than gloves. Wear a hat—most body heat is lost through the head.
Check the weather forecast before going outdoors or traveling - Pay particular attention to windchill, which can create dangerously cold conditions. Monitor the National Weather Service forecasts, statements, watches, and warnings for the latest information on a developing winter storm.
Pace your outdoor activity - Avoid strenuous activity in extremely cold temperatures. Your heart must work harder to pump blood through constricted vessels in arms and legs.
Watch for signs of hypothermia and frostbite - especially in the very young and the elderly.Symptoms of hypothermia are shivering, confusion, and loss of muscular control. Frostbite causes loss of feeling and a white or pale appearance in extremities such as fingers, toes, tip of nose, and ear lobes. If you see these symptoms, get medical attention immediately.
Winterize your home and vehicle before the cold weather arrives - Prepare an emergency kit for your home and one for your vehicle, and make sure your home heating system is in good working order. If possible, re-insulate your home to avoid cold air leaks and reduce heating costs.